A school census was a listing of school-aged children in a particular school district.
In early years, the districts were often connected to specific schools within a county, rather than being modern multi-school Consolidated, Special, or Independent Districts. A census was taken each year to help local governments determine the resource needs--teachers, buildings, funding, etc.--for individual schools.
Many school census records are part of the Minnesota State Archives and are available for in-person research at the Gale Family Library.
To see if we have the school census records you are seeking, search the Library's Catalog:
Currently there is one collection of Minnesota School Census Records available from FamilySearch. This collection has not yet been indexed, so it can be browsed but not directly searched by name, location, etc. It is:
It is important to note that the ages of children are their ages at the time of the census-taking, so birth years calculated using this age may be slightly inaccurate. In addition, in some cases the parents listed may actually be legal guardians, rather than biological parents.