MNHS Library Custom Header

Gratia Alta Countryman: Outstanding Librarian & Community Servant

Research Options

Related Research Guides & Webpages

Overview

Gratia Countryman, librarian, in library stacksSometimes called the "Jane Addams of libraries" Gratia Alta Countryman had an influential role in the Minneapolis Public Library, as well as libraries across the country.  

Countryman was born in Hastings, MN on November 29, 1866.  After graduating from the University of Minnesota, she was recommended to the Minneapolis Public Library.  Countryman quickly worked her way up through the library, having a hand in almost every department.  She was responsible for creating new departments, open stacks, a children's room and for cataloging the collection.  

In 1904, she became the third head librarian at the Minneapolis Public Library, the first woman to hold the position, and stayed until her retirement in 1936.  As the head librarian, she created a new vision of the library's role.  Her mission was that the library would benefit everyone in the community.  

She achieved this by creating bookmobiles, creating traveling libraries, putting repositories at streetcar stops and in factories, and opening more branches.  She created programs for public lectures, a resource room for teachers, and a social service branch (the first of its kind).  Countryman bought foreign language books to support incoming immigrant groups, started classes for naturalization, and provided special services to readers.  These innovations were radical and effective.  Circulation and reach of the library increased dramatically under her tenure. 

In 1933-1934, she served as the President of the American Library Association.  

MNHS Reference Staff

reading room bookshelves

 

Gale Family Library
MN Historical Society Library
345 West Kellogg Blvd.
St. Paul, MN 55102

Library Hours:
Tuesday: 9am to 8pm
Wed. to Sat.: 9am to 4pm
Sunday: Closed
Monday: Closed
Holiday Hours

Contact Us:

651-259-3300

Email Us

Visit our Main Website

Guide Author

Kate McManus

Reference Staff

Minnesota Historical Society Library • 345 W. Kellogg Blvd., St. Paul, MN 55102-1906 • 651-259-3300