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Civil War Military Units from Minnesota: 3rd Minnesota Battery of Light Artillery

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3rd Minnesota Battery of Light Artillery

 
 
3rd battery of light artillery:
Organized in February of 1863 from new recruits and men assigned to the battery from existing infantry units. Captain John Jones of St. Paul was named commander of the new battery. Captain Jones had served in the regular army during the Mexican War and was an experienced artillery officer. In the summer of 1863 the battery was ordered to the frontier where it took part in Sibley's expedition into Dakota Territory and saw action in several skirmishes with the Dakota.
 
The following spring and summer of 1864 the 3rd Minnesota Battery provided artillery support for Sully's expedition along the Missouri River. They played an important part in the major battle of the campaign at Killdeer Mountain. The expedition extended as far as the Yellowstone river and involved long, arduous marches through difficult, road-less terrain. During the winter of 1864 - 1865 the various sections of the battery were assigned to different forts along the frontier. During 1865 the battery continued to serve on the frontier, sometimes with "Galvanized Yankees", former Confederate prisoners who served in the Union Army on the frontier in exchange for their release. The battery was finally mustered out in February 1866.

Books

"Narrative of the Third Battery of Light Artillery" by Lt. G. Merrill Dwelle.
Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, vol.1, p.670-677.
MNHS call number: Reading Room E515 .M66 2004

Manuscripts

David Richardson and Family Papers, 1864-1865
Correspondence between David Richardson, his wife Catherine Cameron Richardson, and their children Ella and Irving. The collection includes 37 letters describing Richardson’s service in the Civil War while he was stationed at Fort Wadsworth, Dakota Territory, and Fort Ridgely with the 3rd Battery of Light Artillery. 
MNHS call number: See the finding aid in the library (P2773).

John Q. Wilson Papers, 1860-1865
Diary (1865-1866) and four miscellaneous items relating to his service in the Minnesota Light Artillery, Third Battery. The diary relates details of the battery’s journeys to Dakota Territory, including forts Abercrombie, Snelling, and Wadsworth (later Sisseton); terrain, lakes, and wildlife; weather (particularly blizzards); and hardships of the marches.
MNHS call number: See the fining aid in the library (P1630).

G. Merrill Dwelle and Family Papers, 1843-1896
Correspondence, genealogical notes, and memorabilia of the Dwelle family, primarily concerning Merrill’s service in the Civil and Dakota wars with the Second Company, Minnesota Sharpshooters (1861-1863) and the Third Battery, Minnesota Light Artillery (1863-1866). Dwelle’s letters and a diary for these years give considerable information on campaigns of the Second Company in Virginia and Maryland; his stay in a hospital near Frederick, Md. (1862-1863); and army life, marches, and battles of the Third Battery during the Sully and Sibley expeditions against the Dakota Indians (1863-1864).
MNHS call number: See the finding aid in the library (A/.D989).

John Jones and Family Papers, 1823-1937
Primarily letters, certificates, and memorabilia documenting Jones’ activities as a frontier soldier in Minnesota and Dakota Territory (1856-1866), especially his command of the artillery at Fort Ridgely during the 1862 Dakota Conflict and his subsequent participation in the punitive Sibley Expedition into Dakota Territory (1863) as commander of the 3rd Minnesota Battery of Light Artillery.
MNHS call number: See the finding aid in the library (P1513).

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