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Civil War Military Units from Minnesota: 1st Minnesota Regiment of Heavy Artillery

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1st Minnesota Regiment of Heavy Artillery

1st Minnesota Regiment of Heavy Artillery:
Heavy Artillery units were intended to man large guns used in fortifications. They were organized into regiments of twelve companies (sometimes referred to as batteries) and commonly had up to 1,000 men. Because of their size some of these units were taken from garrison duty and converted into infantry.  Most were used as garrison troops and this was the case with the 1st Minnesota Heavy Artillery. The regiment was recruited in the summer of 1864 and included re-enlisted veterans from other Minnesota units. As soon as organized, each company was sent to Chattanooga, Tennessee where it formed part of the garrison for this strategic point. The regiment remained there until the fall of 1865 when the last companies were mustered out of service.

Books

"Narrative of the First Regiment of Heavy Artillery", by James J. Egan.
Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, vol. 1, p. 612-613.
MNHS call number: Reading Room E515 .M66 2005 v. 1

Manuscripts

James Lockwood and Family Papers, 1865
Letters written in 1865 by James Lockwood during his Civil War service in the Minnesota Volunteers, First Regiment of Heavy Artillery, Company H, to his wife Mary in Dundas, Rice County.James Lockwood’s letters were written from Nashville and Chattanooga, Tennessee, and give information on the weather, army life, and personal family matters. Included is one letter from Mary to James telling of her activities in Minnesota.
MNHS call number: See the finding aid in the library (P672). 

First Regiment Minnesota Heavy Artillery, Company L records, 1864-1867
Reports, muster rolls, correspondence, and official orders issued during the Civil War by battery captain James P. Allen and regiment lieutenant colonel Luther L. Baxter. They include information about clothing issued to the men, furlough requests, target practice, ordnance, and battery inspections.
MNHS call number: See the finding aid in the library (BG4/.M517). 

Christopher B. Heffelfinger Papers, 1861-1929
Correspondence, newspaper clippings, and military papers of this Minneapolis (Minn.) resident, documenting his Civil War service with the First Minnesota Infantry, Co. D (1861-1864) and the First Minnesota Heavy Artillery (1865).
MNHS call numberDigital Finding Aid

Emil Munch Papers, 1861-1865
Correspondence, orders, and other papers pertaining to Munch’s Civil War service, including captain of the First Minnesota Battery of Artillery in Tennessee and Mississippi (1862); his retirement from field service because of wounds and his later appointment as brigadier general of the Fifth Brigade, Minnesota State Militia (1863); his responsibility for the fortification of Minnesota frontier settlements (1863) after the Dakota Conflict; his service as captain in the Veteran Reserve Corps (Invalid Corps) stationed at Camp Douglas, Illinois (1863-1865); and his appointment (1865) as major of the First Minnesota Volunteer Heavy Artillery.
MNHS call numberDigital Finding Aid

Paul H. Rosendahl Diaries, 1860-1865
Three fragmentary diaries kept by a farmer, Civil War soldier, and local politician from Spring Grove Township in southeastern Minnesota.  The 1862-1863 entries document Rosendahl’s service in the First Regiment of Minnesota Mounted Rangers during the Sibley punitive expedition against the Dakota. The 1864-1865 entries describe his service in the First Minnesota Regiment of Heavy Artillery during the Tennessee Campaign. 
MNHS call numberDigital Finding Aid

George T. Bartlett Papers, 1834, 1863-1865
Seven letters (1864-1865), a poem, remembrance cards (undated and 1834), and a diary (1863) describing George T. Bartlett’s activities as a farmer near Chester (Wabasha County), Minnesota, and his Civil War service in Company A, First Minnesota Regiment of Heavy Artillery. Bartlett was mustered into the regiment on September 17, 1864 and died in a military hospital around January, 1865.
MNHS call number: See the finding aid in the library (P1678). 

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