9th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry
The 9th Regiment was created in the summer and fall of 1862, and like other units formed at that time, it spent much of its early career on the frontier. In November 1863 the 9th was sent to Missouri and for several months it guarded railroads against Confederate guerrillas. In May of 1864 the regiment was reposted to St. Louis and then sent to Memphis, TN. There they joined an expedition against Confederate forces in northern Mississippi. This Union force, under the command of General Samuel Sturgis, was decisively defeated by the army of Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest at the battle of Brice's Crossroads (June 10, 1864). Although the 9th Minnesota fought well in the battle and subsequent retreat, 233 men of the regiment were captured. Many of these men would later die in the notorious Confederate prison camp at Andersonville, Georgia. A month later the 9th helped defeat Forrest's command at the battle of Tupelo, although the regiment's commander, Col. Alexander Wilkin, was killed in this fight. After operations in Arkansas and Missouri, the 9th took part in the Battle of Nashville, fighting alongside other Minnesota regiments. The regiment was also part of the operations around Mobile, Alabama in early 1865. Following the end of the war, the 9th Minnesota spent several months on occupation duty in Alabama before returning to Minnesota where they were discharged in August, 1865.
One Drop in a Sea of Blue: The Liberators of the Ninth Minnesota, by John B. Lundstrom
St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2012.
MNHS call number: Reading Room E515.5 9th .L86 2012, also available for purchase.
"Narrative of the Ninth Regiment" by Hon. C. F. MacDonald.
In Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, Vol. I, p. 416-438.
Minnesota Historical Society Press: St. Paul, 2005.
MNHS call number: Reading Room, E515 .M66 2005
William R. Lovell Reminiscence, 1937, 1945.
Handwritten reminiscence detailing his service from enlistment (August 1862) through discharge (August 1865), including Dakota Conflict duty at Glencoe, Forest City, Acton, and Hutchinson; skirmishes with the Dakota near Acton and Hutchinson; and Civil War duty in the South, particularly several months as a prisoner in Andersonville. Also a photocopy of Lovell’s 1945 obituary. Lovell was a resident of Sherburne County.
MNHS call number: See the finding aid in the library (M582: Lovell, William R).
Letters of A. P. Davies 1864, 1865.
Letters from Davies, Ninth Minnesota Regiment, Company E, to his wife and children, describing his return to duty following a furlough (Feb. 29, 1864), hospitalization (Oct. 29, 1864), and surrendering Confederate soldiers (Jan. 30, 1865).
MHNS call number: See the finding aid in the library (P939: Davies, A. P.).
Aaron Hervey Kerr Papers, 1864-1889.
Civil War field diary and account book (Jan.-July 1865) kept by Kerr as chaplain of the 9th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, describing the regiment’s movements and activities, its participation (March-April) in the siege of Spanish Fort, Alabama, and general wartime news and opinions.
MNHS call number: See the finding aid in the library (P1289).