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African American Civil Rights Movement: Secondary Sources: Books & Articles


"Father Francis Gilligan and the Struggle for Civil Rights," by Tom Beer and Tom O'Connell. 
Minnesota History, vol. 62, no. 6 (Summer 2011). pages 204-215.
MNHS call number: Digital Copy

"Lena Olive Smith: A Minnesota Civil Rights Pioneer," by Ann Juergens.
In the William Mitchell Law Review, vol. 28, no. 2 (2001), pages 397-453.
MNHS call number: KF 373 .S65 J83 2001

"Lena Olive Smith: Civil Rights in the 1930s," by Jackie Sluss.
In Hennepin History, vol. 54, no. 1 (winter 1995), pages 28-34.
MNHS call number: Reading Room F 612 .H52 H42 v.54:1

"No Other Moment Like This One," by Tim Brady.
In Minnesota, vol. 102, no. 3, (Jan./Feb. 2003) pages: 28-33. 
MNHS call number: LD3369.8 .M63 v.102:3


Degrees of Freedom: The Origins of Civil Rights in Minnesota, 1865-1912, by William D. Green. 
Minneapolis, MN : University of Minnesota Press, 2015.
MNHS call number: F615.N4 G74 2015

Crusaders for Justice: A Chronicle of Protest by Agitators, Advocates and Activists in their Struggle for Civil and Human Rights in St. Paul, Minnesota, 1802 through 1985, by Arthur C. McWatt. Brooklyn Park, Minn. : Papyrus Publishing Inc., 2009.
MNHS call number: E185.96 .M39 2009  

First Class Citizenship: The Civil Rights Letters of Jackie Robinson, edited by Michael G. Long.
New York: Times Books, 2007.
Rightly known for his personal courage and athletic prowess in breaking baseball's "color barrier," this book shows another side of Jackie Robinson—an articulate, forthright champion of civil rights.  In his correspondence with the wealthy and powerful, who often sought to use him, Robinson did not hesitate to state his views even to presidents, nor was he afraid to criticize leaders of the Civil Rights movement. Letters to and from Hubert H. Humphrey are included in the book. 
MNHS call number: GV 865 .R6 A4 2007

Fredrick L. McGhee: A Life on the Color Line, 1861-1912, by Paul D. Nelson.
St. Paul, Minn.: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2002.
The biography of a pioneer in early desegregation, anti-lynching, and civil rights cases, and a tireless activist and organizer for African American civil rights.
MNHS call number: Reading Room: KF 368 .M35 N45 2002, also available for purchase.

Nellie Stone Johnson: The Life of an Activist, as told to David Brauer.
St. Paul, Minn.: Ruminator Books, 2000.
MNHS call number: Reading Room HD 8073 .J54 A3 2000

Standing Fast: The Autobiography of Roy Wilkins, by Roy Wilkins, with Tom Mathews.
New York: Viking Press, 1982.
MNHS call number: E 185.97 .W69 A37

Whitney M. Young, Jr., and the Struggle for Civil Rights, by Nancy J. Weiss.
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.
MNHS call number: E 185.97 .Y635 W45 1989

Film & Video

"Minnesota Living History: Harry Davis", videotape
Produced by: Independent School District No. 279, Osseo, Minn., 1982.
Davis discusses overcoming a physical handicap and racial discrimination to become a Minneapolis community leader and businessperson. He is active in the local youth boxing program, civil rights, and the war on poverty.
MNHS call number: Videotape 72 (in the A-V Collection; 1 23-minute videocassette).

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