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Iron Range Miners' Strikes of 1907 & 1916: Secondary Sources: Books & Articles


1907 Strike

"Strike on the Mesabi-1907," by Neil Betten.
In Minnesota History, vol. 40, no. 7 (Fall 1967): pp. 340-347.
MNHS call numberDigital Copy

"A Labor Crisis and a Governor," by Charles B. Cheney.
In The Outlook, vol. 89, no. 1 (May 2, 1908): pp. 24-30.
MNHS call number: AP2 .O94

"Organized Labor and the Iron Ore Miners of Northern Minnesota, 1907-1936,"by Donald G. Sofchalk.
In Labor History, vol. 12 (spring 1971): pp. 214-242.
MNHS call number: HD4802 .L15 v.1-14; v.41-44I




1916 Strike

"Rebel Girls: Women in the Mesabi Iron Range Strike of 1916," by David LaVigne.
In Minnesota History, vol. 65, no. 3 (fall 2016): pp. 90-100.
MNHS call number:  Reading Room F601.5.M66 v:65:3.

"A War of Words: The Mesaba Ore and Hibbing News Takes on the 'Big Fellows'," by Andrea C. Allard.
In Minnesota History, vol. 65, no. 3 (fall 2016): pp. 101-110.
MNHS call number:  Reading Room F601.5.M66 v:65:3.

"The 1916 Minnesota Miners' Strike Against U.S. Steel," by Robert M. Eleff.
In Minnesota History, vol. 51, no. 2 (summer 1988): pp. 63-74.
MNHS call number:  Digital version of the article (PDF)

"Riot, Revolution, Repression in the Iron Range Strike of 1916," by Neil Betten.
In Minnesota History, vol. 41, no. 2 (summer 1968): pp. 82-94.
MNHS call number: Digital version of the article (PDF)

"The Mesaba Range Strike," by George P. West.
In The New Republic, vol. 8, no. 96 (Sept. 2, 1916): pp. 108-109.
MNHS call number: Folio AP 2 .N56.

"The Mining Strike in Minnesota Iron-From the Miners' Point of View," by Mary Heaton Vorse.
In The Outlook, vol. 113, no. 18 (Aug. 30, 1916): pp. 1036-1048.
MNHS call number: AP 2 .O94


1907 Strike

"Founding of the Finnish Socialist Federation and the Minnesota Strike of 1907," by Michael G. Karni.
Chapter in "For the Common Good: Finnish Immigrants and the Radical Response to Industrial America"
(Superior, Wis.: Työmies Society, 1977).
MNHS call number: E184.F5 F6

Education for Work and Labor Solidarity: The Immigrant Miners and Radicalism on the Mesabi Range, by Hyman Berman.
Minneapolis, Minn.: University of Minnesota, 1963.
MNHS call number: Microfilm 840.

1916 Strike

At the Point of Production: The Local History of the I.W.W., edited by Joseph R. Conlin.
Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1981.
MNHS call number: HD 8055.I4 A86

The Authentic History of the United States Steel Corporation, by Arundel Cotter.
New York: Moody Magazine and Book Co., 1916.
MNHS call number: HD 9519.U6 C7

Industrial Workers of the World: Factors Contributing to Widespread Worker Participation, by Patricia Kay Gladchild.
Masters thesis (University of Minnesota), 1994.
MNHS call number: HD 8055.I5 G53 1994

The Industrial Workers of the World and the Strike of the Iron Ore Miners of Minnesota in 1916, by Ronald George Lillie.
Graduate research paper (Bemidji State University), 1976.
MNHS call number: HD 5325.M7 1916 .L45 1976

"The Mesabi Range Strike," by Philip S. Foner.
Chapter in Foner's History of the Labor Movement in the United States, vol. 4 (The Industrial Workers of the World, 1905-1917): pp. 486-517.
New York: International Publishers, 1965.
MNHS call number: HD 6508 .F57 v. 4

Other Publications

Mesabi Communities: A Study of Their Development, by John Sirjamaki [Syrjamaki].
Ph.D. thesis (Yale University), 1940.
MNHS call number: Microfilm 113

The Role of Finnish-Americans in the Political Labor Movement, by Arne Halonen.
M.A. thesis (University of Minnesota), 1945.
MNHS call number: Microfilm 156

Film & Audio

Mesabi: The Minnesota Giant, written and produced by James J. Dooley.
[Minnesota]: KTCA-TV, [ca. 1977].
MNHS call number: Film A-78 (1 58-minute, color, videotape)

The Strike is On.
St. Paul, Minn.: Minnesota Public Radio, 1984.
This program examines the formative years of the modern labor movement in Minnesota. Topics covered include the Iron Range strikes of 1906 and 1917, the Hormel strike of 1933, the Minneapolis Truckers Strike of 1934, the Industrial Workers of the World and other early unions. Broadcast Sept. 3, 1984.
MNHS call number: Audiotape no. 44 (1 56-minute cassette)

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